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Golf club terms

Golf Clubs.

were made out of wood; it wasn't until the mid1800s that they started to implement new materials.


A numerical measure of a golfer's playing ability based on the players score for a given course. It is used to calculate a net score from the number of strokes actually played, allowing players of different ability to play against each other on somewhat  equal terms.

Types of scores.

Hole in one, (ace), double eagle (albatross), eagle, birdie, Par, bogey, double bogey, Triple… bogey


Water and sand bunkers are the 

only official hazards.


Is a second ball played from the spot where your shot went astray, they're often "taken" on the tee - particularly the first tee, but they might be used anywhere your partner allows them, mulligans are always a subject for debate and a violatation the rules.

Types of tees.

Short, long, wooden, bamboo, plastic, rubber, Brush, zero friction.


the longest clubs in the golfer's bag, the clubs with large rounded heads designed to send a golf ball sailing hundreds of yards with a single swing.


are made in the greatest variety, from the low-numbered clubs designed to hit a ball almost as far as a wood, to the high-numbered irons and wedges designed to send the ball a short distance in a high, arching flight.


 are built for accuracy, designed to help guide a golfer's aim stabilizing your hands as they send the ball rolling into the cup from a variety of distances.



Driver1__180 - 300+ yds.__10°

2_______170 - 280 yds.____13°

3________160 - 260 yds.___15°

4________150 - 250 yds.___16°

5________170 - 210 yds.___17°

7________160 - 200 yds.___18°

9________150 - 180 yds.___19°

11_______140 - 120 yds.___20°


1________180 - 250 yds. __16°

2________170 - 240 yds.___18°

3________160 - 230.yds.___21°

4________150 - 220.yds.___24°

5________140 - 210.yds.___27°

6________130 - 200.yds.___30°

7________120 - 180 yds.___33°

8________110 - 170 yds.___38°

9________100 - 160 yds.___42°

PW_______80 - 150 yds.___46°

GW_______90 - 140 yds.___50°

SW_______60 - 120 yds.___55°

Irons 1 - 9

long iron

0 Wilson did make a zero custom for john Daly

1________180 - 235 yds.___14°

2________190 - 220 yds.___17°

3________180 - 200 yds.___20°

4________170 - 180 yds.___23°

Mid iron

5________140 - 170 yds.___26°

6________130 - 160 yds.___29°

7________120 - 150 yds.___33°

Short irons

8________130 - 140 yds.___37°

9_________90 - 120 yds.___41°

10 Callaway made a 10 iron in the “Big Berth” line labeled (W)


Pitching ___80 - 150 yds,___45°

Gap ______90 - 140 yds.___50°

Sand______60 - 120 yds.__55°

Lob _______50 - 100 yds.__60°

Ultra  lob  __10 - 60 yds.___64°


Usually more than 20°








Understanding the various clubs used by golfers is important to anyone being introduced to the sport. Looking at the variety of products in stores there’s  an overwhelming feeling, it’s hard if you don't understand one club from another. By learning about the different clubs and their uses, it helps you understand what clubs to buy and use.


There are four major events in men’s professional golf, the Open Championship (British Open), the Masters, the U.S. Open, and the PGA Championship. They are called the Grand Slam of golf. No player has ever won all four majors in the same year. Tiger Woods held all four at one time, but not in the same calendar year.


There are four major events in women's professional golf. They are the U.S. Open, the Women's British Open, the LPGA championship, and the Nabisco Championship. They are called Women’s Grand Slam of golf. No player has ever won all four events in the same year.


The longest (PGA) drive was from Mike Austin, 515-Yards. He was 64 years old at the time in 1974.


The longest golf course is Australia’s Nullarbor links an 18 – hole par 72 course that spans 1,365km (848 miles).


Alan B. Shepard Jr. hit two golf balls while on lunar surface in 1971, he said the second one traveled “miles and miles and miles” in the one-sixth gravity of the moon.


Death Valley is home to Furnace Creek the lowest course in the world where temperatures can exceed 130° degrees.


Highest golf course in the world is La Paz Golf Club in Bolivia 14,335 feet. 


A dimpled ball travels up to four times farther than a smooth - surfaced golf ball and did you know golf balls will fly further on hot day, about 6 yards for every10°.  On the other hand cold dry air causes more drag and reduces ball flight.


There are 17,672 golf courses in the USA alone. We hold about 50% of all courses in the world.


The rules of golf as we know them today originated in Scotland in the 1400s however -Chui wan- in china is believed to be the origin of golf.


Golf balls were made out of feathers and leather. The tighter they were packed the further they would fly (Featheries).


The longest putt ever made was an amazing 375 feet.


The largest bunker in the world is Hell's Half Acre on the 585 - yard 7th hole of the Pine Valley  C.C. in New Jersey.


Phil Mickelson, who plays left-handed, is actually right handed. He learned to play golf by mirroring his father and he has used left handed golf clubs ever since.


Golf was banned in Scotland from 1457 to 1502 so citizens wouldn't waste time when preparing for an English invasion. 

A golf ball has to weigh 1.62 oz. (45.93 grams) be spherical and the diameter not less than 1.68 in. (42.67mm) The British ball can be 1.62 in. witch give it less wind resistance. The hole must be 4.25 inches in diameter and at least 4 inches deep,  there can be 300 - 500 dimples. 


According to a study by Golf Digest in 2000, the odds of making a hole-in-one are 3,000 to 1 for a tour pro, 5,000 to 1 for a low-handicapper and 12,000 to 1 for an average player.


The maximum number of clubs a player may carry in his or her bag is 14.


Golf is a mental game, there is a lot of time to think about what to do and how to do it, that’s why learning the fundamentals correctly is so important.


The very best golfers can make up to eight figures (U.S. dollars) on tournament play alone, not to mention endorsements.


In the golf swing there are thousands of muscle movements that take less than a second from start to finish and an impact that takes only about 0.0005 seconds.


Today then Tomorrow

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